Glossary for part-time jobs

2016.08.25 update
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You may face several unheard terms once you start to look for part-time jobs. Here is glossary relevant to part-time jobs which covers from law to working condition. You can refer this list whenever you need.
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■労働基準法 (Labor Standard Acts)
Japanese law to govern working conditions, such as working hour or wage. This law can be applied to all workers including part-time workers. If the working condition of your part-time job doesn't meet the requirement of this law, your condition must be altered.

■風営法 (Businesses Affecting Public Morals Regulation Act)
Japanese law that regulates entertainment places such as bar, club, disco, mahjong and pachinko parlor,"kyabakura" (hostess bar), amusement arcade. This law targets mainly businesses offering food and entertainment, and sex industry.

■資格外活動許可 (Permission to Engage in Activity Other Than That Permitted under the Status of Residence Previously Granted)
A permission for foreigners to engage in part-time jobs.

■シフト (Shift work)
Work comprising recurring periods in which different groups of workers do the same jobs in rotation. Work schedule.

■目上の人 (Person in senior position)
Refer the person who is in the senior position (age, title) from yours.
■学歴 (Educational background)
Academic history.

■職歴 (Work history)
Job history

■プリクラ ("Purikura", photo sticker)
"Purikura"(Print Club) is a automatic print service to shoot photo sticker in the small photo booth. Purikura is mainly found at amusement arcade.

■日程調整 (Adjustment of schedule)
Working on schedule

■採用担当者 (a person in charge of hiring)
A person responsible for hiring
■辞退 (Declining, refusal)
Refuse politely to accept something.

■自己都合 (Personal circumstances)
One's own convenience.

■一身上の都合 (Personal reason)
A phrase used normally when a worker leave the job due to his/her personal matters.

■始業時刻 (Opening time)
Time to start work.

■服装自由 (no dress code)
The jobs with no rules for what you wear.
■軍手 (Work glove)
Glove used at labor works.

■雇用契約書 (Contract of employment)
Agreement about working condition between you and employer.

■労働条件通知書 (Notice of employment)
Document about your working condition at the job. This document can be as substitute for contract of employment.

■雇用開始日 (The date of starting employment)
The date of contract of employment starts.

■期間の定めの有無 (Whether a period of time is determined)
Whether a period of time to work is determined under your contract of employment.
■就業場所 (Place of work) 
Location of your work

■休日休暇 (holiday vacation)
Days of holiday at your job (休日). Days you are off duty of your work(休暇)

■勤務時間 (Working hours)
A period of your working time in a day

■時間外割増賃金 (Overtime premium wages)
Increased wages at under specific time period or condition (ex: late night work)

■通勤手当 (Commuting Allowance)
Reimbursed transportation cost for commuting.
■年末年始 (Year-end and New Years holidays)
The term about a period of time from the year-end to new years. The period will be different depends on the jobs.

■就業規則 (Working rule)
Rule required to follow at working place.

■届け出 (Notification)
Reporting to your boss at your work place.

■賃金 (Wage)
Salary you will receive in compensation for your work.

■所得税 (Income tax)
A tax levied on your salary/income.
■所得 (Income)
The received money after several deductions such as tax.

■収入 (Earnings)
Earned money. Salary. The amount of money or its equivalent received during a period of time in exchange for labor or services, from the sales of property, or as profit from financial investments.

■控除 (Deductions)
On you payslip ("給与明細"*see later), "控除内訳" (details of deductions) refers the deducted items and amount from your earnings (salary) such as income taxes, employment insurance, or health insurance you are responsible to pay (if you are) ."税金控除"(tax relief) is items which is not taxable.

■源泉徴収 (Withholding system)
System to deduct tax and insurance from income. System of "控除"(Deductions).

■年末調整 (year-end adjustment)
Adjust the difference of your income tax you have been paid every month from the beginning of the year and the amount you are actually due to pay. This adjustment is usually conducted at your December's payment.
■累進課税制度 (Progressive taxation)
A tax system taxpayers pay more in taxes if they earn more in income.(pay less if they earn less in income.)

■均等割 (Per capita rate)
Taxation system every taxpayers are imposed equal amount regardless their income. This system is adopted to some part of resident tax.

■所得割 (Per income levy)
Taxation system taxpayers are imposed based on their income basis. This system is also adopted to some part of resident tax.

■標準税率 (Standard tax rate)
Tax ratio each local government adopt for their resident tax.
■住民税 (Resident tax)
Tax you have to pay to your local governments (prefectural and municipal government)

■市町村民税 (Municipal locality tax)
Resident tax you have to pay to your municipal government.

■道府県民税 (Prefectural locality tax)
Resident tax you have to pay to your prefectural government.

■都民税 (Tokyo metropolitan residents' tax)
Resident tax taxpayer in Tokyo have to pay to Tokyo metropolitan government

■特別区民税 (Special ward inhabitants tax)
Resident tax taxpayer in Tokyo 23 ward have to pay
■基礎控除 (Legal deductions from taxable income)
Tax exemption applied for all taxpayers under payroll. Income tax (380,000 yen) and resident tax (330,000) are exempted from taxation automatically.

■給与所得控除 (Deduction for employment income)
Tax exemption applied for all taxpayers under payroll. The amount of exemption will be varied depends on the income/salary.

■勤労学生控除 (Income deduction for working students)
Tax exemption working students can receive if the annual income is under 650,000 yen and earnings besides income is under 100.000 yen.

■保険料免除制度 (Exemption system for premiums on national pensions)
The exemption of a person from paying in to a national pension fund due to financial reason or other. The qualified applicants are exempted from paying all or some part of premiums.

■学生納付特例制度 (Deferment system for premiums on national pensions for students)
The deferment of a student from paying in to a national pension fund while in school.
■確定申告 (final income tax return)
A system to declare income to tax office if your tax haven't been deducted (paid) through "源泉徴収" (Withholding system) or you receive more than certain amount of income.

■給与明細 (Payslip)
A paper document of information about your income such as deductions and its details.

■勤怠 (Attendance)
Record of the days you work and are off.

■支給 (Supply)
Anything provided from work-place besides your salary.

■労災保険 (Worker's accident insurance)
A system of compensation to a worker or his/her family if suffered any damages or deceased during work including commuting time.
■公的機関 (Public institution)
So-called public organizations dealing any public matters (ex: public office).

■中小企業労働相談所 (Public Office Dealing on any Working Matters for Middle and Small size Business)
A public organization dealing on any working matters, particularly for middle and small size business. This organization also handle employment issues.

■労働基準監督署 (Labor Standards Inspection Office)
A public organization to inspect every employers if they follow Labor Standards Act.

■地方自治体 (Local government office)
Public organization for any local public matters.

■税務署 (Tax office)
A office to file tax.
■国民年金 (National pension plan)
A national pension plan every residents in Japan over age 20 (including foreign students) obligated to join.

■生協 (A CO-OP)
A jointly owned commercial enterprise that produces and distributes goods and services and is run for the benefit of its owners.

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